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Readings

This collection of .pdfs is relevant to our issues. They are all published by credible people and organizations. You may use any of them when developing your policy proposals.

Corporate welfare

The federal government spent $92 billion in direct and indirect subsidies to businesses and private- sector corporate entities—expenditures commonly referred to as “corporate welfare”—in fiscal year 2006.

For the purposes of this study, “corporate welfare” is defined as any federal spending program that provides payments or unique benefits and advantages to specific companies or industries. Supporters of corporate welfare programs often justify them as remedying some sort of market failure. Often the market failures on which the programs are predicated are either overblown or don’t exist.

Yet the federal government continues to subsidize some of the biggest companies in America. Boeing, Xerox, IBM, Motorola, Dow Chemical, General Electric, and others have received millions in taxpayer-funded benefits through programs like the Advanced Technology Program and the Export-Import Bank. In addition, the federal crop subsidy programs continue to fund the wealthiest farmers.

How How Holland became free of stray dogs 2012

A unique alliance made up of the Honden-bescherming (Dutch Dog Protection Agency), the Animal Foundation Platform, HAS Den Bosch and Dog Research have held an investigation into the factors that contributed to The Netherlands being all but free of stray dogs.

Global Connectedness Index 2016

The State of Globalization in an Age of Ambiguity

The ten most globally connected countries in 2015 were (in descending order): the Netherlands, Singapore, Ireland, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark, and the United Arab Emirates.

The data underpinning the DHL Global Connectedness Index strongly support the case for two laws of globalization that can underpin business strategies and public policies over the medium-to-long run:

  • The law of semiglobalization: International interactions, while non-negligible, are significantly less intense than domestic interactions.
  • The law of distance: International interactions are dampened by distance along cultural, administrative, and geographic dimensions and are often affected by economic distance as well.

Global Peace 2016

The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an attempt to measure the relative position of 162 nations’ and regions’ peacefulness.

Global Terrorism Index 2016

A comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism over the last 16 years, covering the period from the beginning of 2000 to the end of 2015.

The data from the Global Terrorism Database is collected and collated by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), a Department of Homeland Security Centre of Excellence led by the University of Maryland. The Global Terrorism Database is considered to be the most comprehensive dataset on terrorist activity globally and has now codified over 150,000 terrorist incidents.

Feeling Validated Versus Being Correct: A Meta-Analysis of Selective Exposure to Information 2009

Is exposure to information is guided by defense or accuracy motives?

The studies examined information preferences in relation to attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors in situations that provided choices between congenial information, which supported participants’ pre-existing attitudes, beliefs, or behaviors, and uncongenial information, which challenged these tendencies.

Stealth Democracy 2002 chapter 1

Americans often complain about the operation of their government, but scholars have never developed a complete picture of people’s preferred type of government.

Contrary to the prevailing view that people want greater involvement in politics, most citizens do not care about most policies and therefore are content to turn over decision-making authority to someone else.

People’s wish for the political system is that decision makers be empathetic and, especially, non-self-interested, not that they be responsive and accountable to the people’s largely nonexistent policy preferences or, even worse, that the people be obligated to participate directly in decision making.

That is, greater citizen involvement is not the solution to society’s problems.

Historical crime data

In the National Data and State Data components of the Crime and Justice Atlas 2000, we examine statistical trends over the past 20–25 years in law enforcement, sentencing, and corrections.

This Historical Data section examines long-term trends that span the better part of the 20th century. Whereas short-term trends can show patterns in crime, arrest rates, sentencing, and correctional populations, long-term trends can reveal cycles in these rates, and can demonstrate how they are connected to social conditions and societal changes. What appears to be a pattern in the short-term can be seen as part of a larger cycle when examined over many more years. Long-term trends can show us more clearly where we have been so that we can have a better understanding of where we may be going.

The Militarization of Police Departments 2016

One area of federal spending that raises troubling questions on both sides of the political divide is the transfer of surplus Department of Defense (DoD) equipment to local police departments under the 1033 Program created by the National Defense Authorization Act (1997) authorized the transfer excess military equipment to civilian law enforcement.

Liberals tend to raise civil liberties concerns while conservatives question why the federal government is involving itself in area of responsibility traditionally reserved for states and local communities. Both sides would probably agree that the federal government itself has become a ‘gun show’ that never adjourns and is distributing massive amounts of firepower to local police departments.

The Quinnipiac poll post-election 2016

Despite Donald Trump’s victory, American voters are at odds with the president-elect on several key issues, agreeing with the U.S. Supreme Court Roe v. Wade decision 67 – 30 percent and opposing a wall along the Mexican border 55 – 42 percent, according to a Quinnipiac University national poll released today.

In fact, support for illegal immigrants being allowed to stay in the U.S., with a path to citizenship, 60 percent, is higher than in any survey by the independent Quinnipiac University Poll since the question was first asked four years ago. Today, another 12 percent of American voters say illegal immigrants should be allowed to stay, but not become citizens and 25 percent say they should be deported.

Uninsured and Dying Because of It 2008

Note the date of this report — before Obamacare.

The absence of health insurance creates a range of consequences, including lower quality of life, increased morbidity and mortality, and higher financial burdens. This paper focuses on just one aspect of this harm—namely, greater risk of death—and seeks to illustrate its general order of magnitude.

In 2002, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) estimated that 18,000 Americans died in 2000 because they were uninsured. Since then, the number of uninsured has grown. Based on the IOM’s methodology and subsequent Census Bureau estimates of insurance coverage, 137,000 people died from 2000 through 2006 because they lacked health insurance, including 22,000 people in 2006. Much subsequent research has continued to confirm the link between insurance and mortality risk described by IOM. In fact, subsequent studies and analysis suggest that, if anything, the IOM methodology may underestimate the number of deaths that result from a lack of insurance coverage.

More broadly, these estimates should be viewed as reasonable indicators of the general magnitude of excess mortality that results from lack of insurance, not as precise “body counts.” The true number of deaths resulting from uninsurance may be somewhat higher or lower than the estimates in this paper, but that number is surely significant.

U.S. Federal budget 2013

We built this Budget around the idea that our country has always done best when everyone gets a fair shot, everyone does their fair share, and everyone plays by the same rules. It rejects the “you’re on your own” economics that have led to a widening gap between the richest and poorest Americans that undermines both our belief in equal opportunity and the engine of our economic growth.

When the middle class is shrinking, and families can no longer afford to buy the goods and services that businesses are selling, it drags down our entire economy. And countries with less inequality tend to have stronger and steadier economic growth over the long run.

World Drug Report 2014

The World Drug Report 2014 is aimed at helping the international community to address the toll that illicit drug production, trafficking and consumption continues to take on all our societies, by providing a global overview and analysis of developments, based on the best available data.

We must continue to enhance international cooperation, including with respect to transparent sharing of data and analysis, to help us better understand the drug problem and address the many challenges, including the related issues of violence and insecurity.