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Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)

Page Done By: Codi-Lyn Filyaw 🙂

https://www.bjs.gov/

Data about BJS

  The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) is the primary statistical agency of the Department of Justice. BJS collects, analyzes, publishes, and disseminates information on crime, criminal offenders, crime victims, and criminal justice operations. BJS also provides financial and technical support to state, local, and tribal governments to improve their statistical capabilities and the quality and the utility of their criminal history records. BJS provides statistical information to the President, Congress, other officials, and the public with accurate, timely, and objective data about crime and the management of criminal justice.

Topics

Corrections:

  • Capital Punishment
  • Community Corrections (Probation and Parole)
  • Deaths in Custody Reporting Program
  • Expenditures/Employment
  • Local jail inmates and jail facilities
  • Prison Rape Elimination Act (Sexual Victimization in Correctional Facilities)
  • Recidivism
  • Special populations
  • State and federal prisoners and prison facilities
  • Total correctional population

Courts: 

  • Civil Rights
  • Civil cases
  • Criminal Cases
  • Indigent Defense Systems
  • Prosecutors Offices
  • State Court Caseload Statistics
  • State Court Organization
  • Tribal courts

Federal: 

  • Corrections
  • Courts
  • Law Enforcement
  • Prosecution

Victims: 

  • Crime characteristics and trends
  • Reporting crimes to police
  • Research and Development
  • Special topics
  • The Crime event
  • Victim Service Providers
  • Victim characteristics
  • Victims and offenders

Crime Type: 

  • Cybercrime
  • Drugs and crime
  • Gangs
  • Hate Crime
  • Identity Theft
  • Location
  • Property Crime
  • Violent Crime
  • Weapon Use

Criminal Justice Data Improvement Program:

  • National Criminal History Improvement Program
  • State Justice Statistics Program
  • The NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007

Law Enforcement: 

  • Arrest-Related Deaths
  • Campus Law Enforcement
  • Community Policing
  • Federal Law Enforcement
  • Forensic Investigation
  • Law Enforcement Training Academies
  • Local Police
  • Police-Public Contacts
  • Sheriffs’ Offices
  • Special Topics
  • Tribal Law Enforcement
  • Use of Force

Employment and Expenditure 
Indian Country Justice Statistics 

Time Period

The Bureau of Justice Statistics was first established on December 27, 1979 under the Justice Systems Improvement Act of 1979, Public Law 96-157 (the 1979 Amendment to the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, Public Law 90-351).

Status: Active
Frequency: Ongoing from 1973
Latest data available: 2015

Geographical area

The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) provides innovative leadership to federal, state, local, and tribal justice systems, by disseminating state-of-the art knowledge and practices across America, and providing grants for the implementation of these crime fighting strategies. Because most of the responsibility for crime control and prevention falls to law enforcement officers in states, cities, and neighborhoods, the federal government can be effective in these areas only to the extent that it can enter into partnerships with these officers.

Collection

Who collected it:

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census collects data for most BJS statistical series
  • BJS coordinates with other Department of Justice statistical programs, such as the FBI‘s Uniform Crime Reporting program and National Incident-Based Reporting System
  • the BJS Federal Justice Statistics Program collects data from other Federal agencies, including the Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, the U.S. Sentencing Commission, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons

URL: https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=abu

How they collected it:

The Bureau of Justice Statistics’ (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is the nation’s primary source of information on criminal victimization. Each year, data are obtained from a nationally representative sample of about 90,000 households, comprising nearly 160,000 persons, on the frequency, characteristics, and consequences of criminal victimization in the United States. The NCVS collects information on nonfatal personal crimes (rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, and personal larceny) and household property crimes (burglary, motor vehicle theft, and other theft) both reported and not reported to police. Survey respondents provide information about themselves (e.g., age, sex, race and Hispanic origin, marital status, education level, and income) and whether they experienced a victimization. For each victimization incident, the NCVS collects information about the offender (e.g., age, race and Hispanic origin, sex, and victim-offender relationship), characteristics of the crime (including time and place of occurrence, use of weapons, nature of injury, and economic consequences), whether the crime was reported to police, reasons the crime was or was not reported, and victim experiences with the criminal justice system.

 

How they present it: (Table)

How to

Bureau of Justice Statistics

https://www.bjs.gov/

National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)

https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=dcdetail&iid=245

More Bureau of Justice Statistics

https://ojp.gov/about/offices/bjs.htm

Citation

“Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).” Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.

“Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) – National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).” Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) – National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.

“Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).” Office of Justice Programs (OJP). N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.